What You Need to Know Before Going Vegetarian

What You Need to Know Before Going Vegetarian. The origins of vegetarianism. Vegetarianism in America. Popular modern reasons to choose vegetarianism.


Vegetarianism isn’t a new diet craze, and it’s certainly not a passing fad.

It’s an enduring lifestyle choice rooted in ancient Indian and ancient Greek civilizations. Since that time, vegetarianism has come a long way – but not without its challenges and transformations. As with love, war, and politics, it’s important to understand your history to have a clear vision of where you’re headed.

Origins of Vegetarianism

According to Colin Spencer, author of The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianismthe earliest recorded practices of vegetarianism were associated with nonviolence towards animals in India, southern Italy and Greece. Religious groups and philosophers were the first supporters of vegetarianism, and many medieval European monks were pescetarians for aesthetic reasons. Pure vegetarianism reemerged during the Renaissance and became widespread practice during the 19th and 20th centuries.

Abstention from meat has historically been central to Eastern religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Brahmanism, Zoroasterianism, and Jainism (food for thought: according to my research, it is quite possible the Buddha was not a vegetarian). Ancient verses in the Upanishads and the Rig Veda , the most sacred ancient Hindu text, support vegetarianism because the practice respects all life forms on earth. As Buddhist emperor Ashoka, wrote, “husks hiding living beings are not to be burnt and forests are not to be burnt either without reason or to kill creatures. One animal is not to be fed to another.”

Famous Vegetarians in History

  • Pythagoras, the Greek Philosopher
  • Asoka, Indian king who converted to Buddhism and created a vegetarian kingdom
  • Ashoka, Buddhist emperor from 304 BD to 232 BC
  • St. David, Christian Patron Saint of Wales
  • Alexander Pope, Renaissance era poet
  • Dr. John Harvey Kellogg, 19th century Christian preacher
  • Gustav Struve, 19th century German politician, publicist, and revolutionary

Vegetarianism in America

As Donna Maurer wrote in her publication, Vegetarian: Movement or Moment: Promoting A Lifestyle for Cult Change, “People typically view vegetarianism as a personal habit or food choice, even though organizations in North America have been promoting vegetarianism as a movement since the 1850s.”

Vegetarianism found its way to America by way of the Christian church. In the 1800s, Reverend William Metcalfe of the Bible Christian Church preached about vegetarianism and pacifism.

He and Sylvester Graham (who invented Graham crackers) were among the founders of the American Vegetarian Society in 1850. And as Karen and Michael Iacobbo point out in their book, Vegetarian America, A History, one of the founders of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, Ellen G. White, became a vegetarian advocate and the church has promoted a meatless diet ever since.

As Eastern influences began to permeate Western society, vegetarianism appealed to the 1960s counterculture in America. The 1970s brought legitimacy to vegetarianism, as serious academic attention turned to the ethical treatment of animals. Undoubtedly, Peter Singer’s 1975 book, Animal Liberation, which exposed animal experimentation and the ills of factory farming, had something to do with it.

Environmental conservation became front-page news in the 1980s and 1990s, and vegetarianism was rightfully perceived as part of a sustainable solution. During this time and in the wake of the obesity crisis, Americans also began paying closer attention to their personal health and looked to vegetarianism as a viable alternative to prevent disease and live longer.

Health v. Spirituality

Author, J.C. Whorton, published an article titled, “Historical Development of Vegetarianism” in the the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition that examines the reasons that people decided to avoid meat in different ages. Prior to the 19th century, people chose to avoid animal foods for more and metaphysical reasons. During the classical antiquity in Greece, “vegetarian diet” translated into a phrase that meant “abstinence from beings with a soul.”

But as Whorton points out, people began considering vegetarianism for improved health in the early 1800s, as science ascended to a position of cultural authority. But nonetheless, moral convictions shaped theories of nutritional superiority, making popular vegetarian spokesmen John Harvey Kellog and Sylvester Graham appear as dietary fanatics to some people.

Although spirituality is not a prerequisite for modern vegetarianism, many vegetarians experience a heightened sense of consciousness while paying closer attention to their food choices. These are some of the common spiritual benefits that vegetarians experience:

  • Sense of worldly peacefulness
  • Heightened compassion towards people and animals
  • Reduced feelings of guilt
  • Less toxic energy in the body
  • Elevated levels of perception

Popular Modern Reasons to Choose Vegetarianism

  • Personal health
  • Disease prevention
  • Moral conviction
  • Animal rights
  • Athletic performance
  • Economic advantage
  • Environmental preservation
  • Religious beliefs

Vegetarianism Gender Bias

Although little is known about vegetarian gender bias in ancient culture, women are much more likely to choose vegetarianism in today’s society.

Psychology Today magazine suggests that evolutionary history might have something to do with the gender bias. Throughout evolutionary history, men hunted meat and women gathered plant food. According to the magazine’s survey, women are 60% more likely to become vegetarians (3.33% v. 2.07%).

A “Vegetarianism in America” study published by the Vegetarian Times found that 59% of vegetarians were female, compared to 41% that were male, and that the 18-to-34-year-old demographic was most inclined to try meatless diets.

The jury is still out as to why traditional male culture opts against plant-based diets. More research is needed to determine whether this gender bias is a result of genetic differences in food cravings, patriarchal traditions, masculine perceptions, aesthetic aspirations, or something entirely different.


Vegetarianism holds a complex, multi-faceted place in history for men, women, Americans, and citizens of the world. As University of Washington professor, J.C. Whorton pointed out, “since vegetarianism is still often selected for moral or other nonscientific reasons, nutritional education of vegetarians remains an essential activity.”

For health, moral, religious, and economical reasons, vegetarianism has sustained populations for thousands of years. Considering the growing population and the declining degrees health around the world, vegetarianism is a personal choice that can make a global impact.

As author and North American Vegetarian Society advisor, Rynn Berry put it, “Regardless of the choices you make in your diet, the more the dots are connected between health, compassion and ecology, the more nourishing your diet will become for your mind and your body.”

For topics related to what you need to know before going vegetarian, watch these videos below

5 Things You NEED to Know Before Going Vegetarian | SariReanna

How To Start A Plant-Based Diet: Complete Guide For Beginners

Author Bio:

Chris Willitts (creator of V3), is the founder and owner of Vegetarian Bodybuilding.

V3 Vegetarian Bodybuilding System is a mixture of science and author’s advice, providing users with optimal diet and exercise. This system is designed for vegans and vegetarians only.

A lot of research has been put in this program. Furthermore, a lot of professional bodybuilders and athletes tried and tested the program, praising its progressiveness and efficiency.

The program is about taking control of your own body and health according to your potential and needs. And worry not; you’ll get plenty of proteins with this system. It will boost you with energy, and you’ll feel just a strong as any carnivore would (perhaps even stronger, depending on how much you invest in your exercise). It avoids vitamins deficiency and provides you with a lot of proteins, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. 

Instead of saying things like “I think a plant-based diet is good for athletes and bodybuilders,” the V3 Vegetarian Bodybuilding System claims “I know a plant-based diet is good for athletes and bodybuilders, and I have results to prove it.”

To find out more, visit the website at V3 Bodybuilding – What You Need to Know Before Going Vegetarian

What are the Benefits of Being a Part-Time Vegetarian?

Former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger says people should go meat-free one or two days a week to protect the climate. He also talked about the benefits of being a part-time vegetarian. He also shared a sample of his semi-vegetarian meal plan.


Over the last two years, there has been an explosion of interest, best-selling books, supplements, websites, festivals, and award-winning documentaries in the plant-based nutrition domain.

And now the Arnold Schwarzenegger of bodybuilding, Arnold Schwarzenegger, has weighed in on the topic and says we should try to eat less meat.

According to a recent article put out by the BBC, “Former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger says people should go meat-free one or two days a week to protect the climate.”

Arnold also recently said,

“I have seen many body builders that are vegetarian and they get strong and healthy.”

Wow. I didn’t see this day coming. This is akin to Donald Trump getting a crew cut.

To be clear, this legendary bodybuilder isn’t saying that everyone should become vegetarians, but he is bringing a great deal of attention to the topic. To me, this is a win in itself because many more people are talking about it now.

There are so many compelling health reasons to become a vegetarian, but as Schwarzenegger points out, the truly important one is the environment.

Agricultural food production contributes 18 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, and the livestock sector generates 65 percent of human-related nitrous oxide and 35 percent of methane, which have 296 times and 23 times the Global Warming Potential of CO2, respectively.

Since 1990, emissions have increased by 17 percent, largely because of livestock management systems. By eliminating meat from our diets, we can cut greenhouse gas emissions from food by half.

Livestock consume more human-edible protein than they produce, as more than 10 kilograms of grain is needed to produce 1 kilogram of beef.

The average cornfield could deliver more than 15 million calories per acre each year (enough to feed 14 people per acre) if we ate the corn ourselves. But due to the allocation of corn to animal production, each acre only yields 3 million calories (enough for just three people).

Clearly, meat takes just as much of a toll on the environment and global food supply as it does our bodies. Now is the time to join Arnold in the fight against climate change with simple dietary changes, one meal at a time.

What’s next, Arnold encouraging the fitness community to try vegetarian bodybuilding?


That said, according to our good friend Robert Cheeke, Arnold is no stranger to vegetarian bodybuilding:

Arnold used to lose bodybuilding competitions to a vegetarian bodybuilder, Bill Pearl. He grew up in the bodybuilding world among successful vegetarian bodybuilders, in addition to Pearl, including Mr. Universe, Andreas Cahling.

One of Arnold’s long-time bodybuilding colleagues is another former Mr. Universe champion, Jim Morris, who has spent many years as a vegetarian and is now vegan.

I was with Jim and Arnold in at the gym just a few months ago.

Arnold has had successful vegetarian bodybuilders around him for his entire bodybuilding career, dating back to when he was a teenage bodybuilder trying to keep up with the more experienced, and very successful, Bill Pearl.

I met Bill about 5 years ago and he was in his 80s and still active, much like Jim Morris, who is now 80 and in the gym 5 days a week. Though I don’t think Arnold was totally convincing in his statement about cutting back on animal products, suggesting that most people would be unwilling to cut out much, it is still a powerful message coming from the most influential bodybuilder in history, the man so many bodybuilders and others aspire to be like.

The Part-Time Vegetarian

If you like the idea of trying a vegetarian diet but the thought of never again eating a Thanksgiving turkey or a BLT leaves a bad taste in your mouth (pun intended), then try a semi-vegetarian diet (also known as a flexitarian diet).

Flexitarians are often confused with omnivores, but omnivores don’t typically care whether they eat meat or plants. Flexitarians strive to eat mostly veggies and fruits, and hardly any meat. The meat they do eat is carefully selected to be produced open-range and antibiotic/hormone-free.

Oddly enough, a flexitarian diet can be even more plant-based than a vegan diet.

This is because you can technically eat “vegan” (e.g. French fries, soda, cereal, etc.) all day and not have actually consumed a single vegetable. This more recent class of plant-based fellows, or semi-vegetarians, is also the most ancient expression of vegetarianism.

It turns out that most vegetarians across the globe eat some meat. You may enjoy reading “Origins of Vegetarianism” for some perspective on the subject. It is my observation that our culture tends to be more concerned with labels than the rest of the planet. We may get along better if we lightened up on striving for black and white all the time.

The Benefits

The primary concept here is that if you eat plant-based foods a majority of the time, you can still get most of the health benefits. I tried being semi-vegetarian first before going all-in, to see how my body would respond to hardly any meat. It also helped psychologically, because it offers flexibility and didn’t seem so extreme.

According to registered dietitian Dawn Jackson Blatner, who coined the term “flexitarian” over a decade ago, semi-vegetarians live longer and weigh less than their omnivorous counterparts. And like vegetarians, flexitarians also have a lower risk of cancer, obesity, high blood pressure, and coronary heart disease.

Plant-Based Protein Is Easier Than You Think

Protein becomes a hot issue because vegetarians have been taunted for a long time about not getting enough protein. Many who say this are not well-informed, so it makes sense that they might reject the message and instead blame the messenger.

For a vegetarian bodybuilder or athlete, the primary thing is to incorporate plant-based foods that are hearty and packed with protein and nutrients.

Also, because meat is calorie-dense, there tends to be a deficit after eliminating meat from your diet. To help increase my total calories for the day, I simply eat more calorie-dense foods like nuts, seeds, and coconut oil.

Sources of Protein:

Of these, only quinoa and tofu are complete proteins. And some veggie burgers and plant-based protein powders have a blend of proteins and make a complete protein as well.

You can also utilize combinations of whole foods with incomplete proteins to make up a complete protein meal. For instance:

  • Peanut butter and sprouted bread
  • Beans and brazil nuts*

Sample Semi-Vegetarian Meal Plan

Naturally, if you’re a larger human being like myself, who weighs 220-230lb, you will want to increase the amount of food. Likewise, if you’re a smaller human being, you can trim this meal plan down to suit your needs.

  • Breakfast : 3 organic eggs, free-range; toast with almond butter
  • Lunch: Veggie burger with lettuce and slices of avocado and tomato; fresh veggie juice with organic greens
  • Snack: 1 serving organic Greek yogurt, grass-fed
  • Dinner: Tofu stir fry with quinoa
  • Snack: Plant-based protein shake

Parting Thoughts

A plant-based, semi-vegetarian diet is overall a good and healthy thing.

Arnold Schwarzenegger: “Luckily, we know that you can get your protein from many different ways. You can get it from vegetables; I have seen many bodybuilders and lifters who are vegetarian and are strong and healthy.”

The UN also advises a vegan diet: “A global shift towards a vegan diet is vital to save the world from hunger, fuel poverty, and the worst impacts of climate change”.

The bigger picture of eating more plants and less meat makes its own respective contribution to compassion for animals, preserving resources and the environment, and quality personal health. The more thoughtfully and less judgmentally we can invite others to eat more plants, the better the aggregate effect.

Thankfully, icons like Arnold are contributing to the conversation, which in turn gets more people talking about it.

There are many reasons one may try going plant-based, but it doesn’t have to be an all-or-nothing proposition. In other words, eating less meat and more plants is a simple, valid option.

To get more ideas about the benefits of being a part-time vegetarian, watch these 2 videos below:

I’VE GONE FLEXITARIAN | What? Why? & How To | Madeleine Shaw

What I Eat In A Day As A Flexitarian | 3 Simple Recipes | Madeleine Shaw

Author Bio:

Chris Willitts (creator of V3), is the founder and owner of Vegetarian Bodybuilding.

V3 Vegetarian Bodybuilding System is a mixture of science and author’s advice, providing users with optimal diet and exercise. This system is designed for vegans and vegetarians only.

A lot of research has been put in this program. Furthermore, a lot of professional bodybuilders and athletes tried and tested the program, praising its progressiveness and efficiency.

The program is about taking control of your own body and health according to your potential and needs. And worry not; you’ll get plenty of proteins with this system. It will boost you with energy, and you’ll feel just a strong as any carnivore would (perhaps even stronger, depending on how much you invest in your exercise). It avoids vitamins deficiency and provides you with a lot of proteins, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. 

Instead of saying things like “I think a plant-based diet is good for athletes and bodybuilders,” the V3 Vegetarian Bodybuilding System claims “I know a plant-based diet is good for athletes and bodybuilders, and I have results to prove it.”

To find out more, visit the website at V3 Bodybuilding – Benefits of Being a Part-Time Vegetarian

What is the Best Way to Reverse the Effects of Alzheimer’s Disease?

Reverse the Effects of Alzheimer’s Disease - Occasionally scientists stumble onto information that is promising not only for people who suffer from diseases, but also for those who just enjoy good food. A recent study concluded that some genuinely tasty foods may be able to control Alzheimer’s disease even better than drugs.


Reverse the Effects of Alzheimer’s Disease – This One Ingredient Causes Alzheimer’s (new study)

Every time we read “new” Alzheimer’s research, it’s just the same old thing. It focuses on the genetic factors and doesn’t tell us anything new.

Little if any attention has been paid to the connection between Alzheimer’s and the lifestyle choices we make, especially diet ones.

But recent research from scientists from the University of Bath and King’s College has found one common ingredient that has been holding Alzheimer’s hostage and even helping it manifest.

Researchers examined samples of brain matter of people with and without Alzheimer’s to reveal the damage high blood sugar causes proteins and immune cells.

When sugar (or glucose) reaches your bloodstream, many of its molecules bind to protein molecules in a process called glycation.

Not only can glycation damage proteins, the by-products of the glycation process like beta-amyloid that causes brain plaque buildup are also harmful. This suggests that too much dietary sugar contributes to Alzheimer’s.

But researchers also discovered another extremely harmful effect of glycation – at the onset of Alzheimer’s disease – it damages an enzyme called macrophage migration inhibitory factor (or MIF).

MIF enzymes are a part of your immune system. When abnormal proteins start to build up in your brain, MIF enzymes are supposed to help remove them and/or limit potential damage. But when damaged, they can’t prevent abnormal protein plaque buildup of the brain, which is how the disease gets going.

In short, if you eat too many simple sugars that build up as glucose in your bloodstream, glycation becomes likelier, putting you more at risk from Alzheimer’s.

Cutting out or cutting down on sugar is a must for optimal health, but this alone won’t reverse your Alzheimer’s. To do this, you need to follow these simple exercises that not only slow down but also reverse the effects of Alzheimer’s disease in as little as 21 days…

Reverse the Effects of Alzheimer’s Disease – These Delicious Foods Stop Alzheimer’s Development

Occasionally scientists stumble onto information that is promising not only for people who suffer from diseases, but also for those who just enjoy good food.

A recent study concluded that some genuinely tasty foods may be able to control Alzheimer’s disease even better than drugs.

If you enjoy researching natural health topics and following a naturally healthy lifestyle, you have probably heard of polyphenols, the chemicals found in red wine, red grapes, berries, and several other food types. They are powerful antioxidants, which explains why naturopaths recommend them so liberally.

An increasing number of researchers have become interested in the ability of one of these polyphenols to prevent and slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. It is called resveratrol, and is a prominent ingredient in red wine, red grapes, pomegranate, dark chocolate, peanuts, and soybeans.

In September 2015, Neurology distributed an article in which a team of American researchers demonstrated that resveratrol might be an effective Alzheimer’s disease treatment.

Researchers divided 119 Alzheimer’s patients into groups that either received resveratrol or a placebo. The resveratrol group started with 500 mg per day, escalated by 500 mg every 13 weeks, for an eventual total of 2 g per day.

By the end of the year, the resveratrol group had approximately the same levels of amyloid-beta40 (Abeta40) in their blood and cerebrospinal fluid as at the beginning of the experiment. The placebo group, on the other hand, had substantially lower levels, an effect that usually accompanies the progression of Alzheimer’s disease.

An MRI scan also revealed that the swelling of the brains of the resveratrol subjects had diminished considerably.

While some participants complained of nausea, diarrhea, and weight loss, resveratrol was relatively free of side effects.

The authors warned that they had used a special pharmaceutical-grade resveratrol and claimed that you would have to drink about 1,000 bottles of wine to obtain the same amount. For that reason, together with their relatively small number of participants, they advised that their findings should be further tested, rather than immediately acted upon.

The way in which resveratrol manages dementia is still being researched.

A team at Oregon’s Health and Science University reviewed the literature in the journal Brain Research Reviews, and concluded that resveratrol activated sirtuin proteins, which also happen to be activated by low calorie diets.

These proteins have been shown to protect the brain cells of mice with Huntington’s disease, a disease that causes dementia and the degeneration of brain cells.

Another study by researchers at the Litwin-Zucker Research Center for the Study of Alzheimer’s Disease has established that resveratrol does not inhibit the production of Abeta, but rather promotes its intercellular degradation. In other words, resveratrol kills the Abeta between cells, instead of allowing it to form plaque inside them.

Pure resveratrol supplements are available from natural health stores, and you can further stack your diet with the foods that contain it. Who knows, altogether you might manage to obtain enough of it to protect your brain cells from age-related decline.

Reverse the Effects of Alzheimer’s Disease – But there is only one method I know of that drastically improves brain function in both healthy individuals as well as people suffering Alzheimer’s and other type of dementia. Learn more and try it out for yourself here

Reverse the Effects of Alzheimer’s Disease – The Good News About Type 2 Diabetes and Alzheimer’s Connection

Although more than 35 million people suffer from Alzheimer’s diseases, the causes of this heart-breaking and exhausting collection of diseases are little known.

However, a few breakthrough studies reveal a previously unknown link between type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease.

This connection between these two diseases might offer hope to millions of people to prevent and treat the early onset of Alzheimer’s disease.

The growing evidence supported by recent studies reveal that Alzheimer’s disease could actually be a late stage of type 2 diabetes.

One of the studies showed that animals fed a diet designed to cause type 2 diabetes left their brains damaged with beta-amyloid plaques of protein. The same protein is known to cause Alzheimer’s disease.

The memory problems that are often observed in type 2 diabetes patients are most likely caused by an early onset of Alzheimer’s disease rather than cognitive failure as previously thought.

It’s also been known that insulin plays an important role in memory.

Taking into account these facts, researchers suggest that a type of “brain diabetes” might be a main cause of Alzheimer’s development.

Even though it does not sound good, it is actually great news.

Type 2 diabetes is a lifestyle illness, caused by lack of exercise, poor diet, obesity and stress. It can be treated, avoided and reversed with a few lifestyle changes and the right diet choices.

And as the exiting news from the research shows, if we can prevent type 2 diabetes, we can avoid brain-damaging Alzheimer’s disease.

To learn about how to reverse the effects of Alzheimer’s disease, watch this video – New Research Proves Alzheimer’s Symptoms Can Be Reversed Naturally

To learn the exact steps it takes to completely reverse type 2 diabetes in 28 days or less, click here…

This post is from the Brain Booster Exercise Program created for the purpose of helping to reverse Alzheimer’s, boost memory. It was made by Christian Goodman Blue Heron health news that has been recognized as one of the top-quality national health information websites.  This is an all-natural system that utilizes the power of exercises to slow down, prevent, or even reverse memory loss and boost your brain with energy and power. These exercises work to deliver as much nutrition and oxygen to your starving brain as possible and begin the restoring of the damaged brain cells.

To find out more about this program, click on Reverse the Effects of Alzheimer’s Disease

What is the Best Way to Combat Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease?

Combat Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease - Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a hidden epidemic in the Western world. It worsens the effects of almost all other diseases before it even leads to liver failure. And so far doctors have offered no real solution except giving vague suggestions of improved lifestyle habits. But a new study published in the journal Hepatology reveals that some vegetables contain a chemical that burns your liver fat.


Combat Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease – These Vegetables Cure Fatty Liver Disease

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a hidden epidemic in the Western world. It worsens the effects of almost all other diseases before it even leads to liver failure.

And so far doctors have offered no real solution except giving vague suggestions of improved lifestyle habits.

But a new study published in the journal Hepatology reveals that some vegetables contain a chemical that burns your liver fat.

Our gut bacteria produce a metabolite called indole, which has anti-inflammatory properties.

As a result, a research team wondered whether indole and obesity or even indole and NAFLD are related.

They recruited 137 Chinese subjects and tested their blood for indole, tested their livers for fat, and took their weight measurements.

Those with the highest body mass index and obesity scores had the lowest levels of indole in their blood.

And those with the lowest body mass index scores and obesity scores had the highest indole levels.

In addition, the leanest people with the most indole had the least liver fat.

In an experiment done on mice, those that were given indole displayed significantly lower liver fat, scarring and inflammation.

Your gut bacteria naturally produce indole, and you can get it from certain vegetables like cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, bok choy, radish, arugula, turnips, rutabaga, and watercress.

Combat Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver DiseaseCruciferous vegetables are healthy, but these alone won’t cure your NAFLD. To really get rid of it completely, it’s important to get to the root cause of it, which I explain here

Combat Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease – This Tea Cuts Non-Alcoholic Liver Disease by 80%

In the last few years, non-alcoholic liver disease (NAFLD) has become commonplace.

And doctors have claimed there is no cure!

But scientists from Pen State have just published some promising research in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry about one tea proven to be hugely effective when treating NAFLD.

In fact, drinking this tea may prevent or cure 80% of all NAFLD cases.

Green tea has long been known for its amazing health properties. It helps with both high cholesterol and diabetes, which is why scientists were eager to find out if it helped with NAFLD as well.

They put a large group of mice on a high-fat diet for 16 weeks and split them into smaller groups depending on the treatment they received.

One group received decaffeinated green tea extract, one group was given exercise wheels, another group received both the green tea extract and exercise wheels, and another group received no treatment at all.

After 16 weeks, they compared the liver tissue and blood and urine tests of the combination-treated mice to the untreated ones.

1. The combination-treated group had 92 percent lower plasma alanine aminotransferase, which is a blood test that indicates liver damage.

2. Their livers had 80 percent less fat.

3. They had more fat in their feces.

All three of these effects could be seen in the mice that received a single treatment only, but at approximately only half of the level of the combination-treated group.

In other words, the combination-treated group had 80 percent less liver fat than the untreated group had, and the single treatment groups had just below 40 percent less.

They concluded that the combination treatment caused the mice’s digestive systems to process food differently. They also thought that the polyphenols in green tea interacted with the small intestine’s digestive enzymes to prevent fat digestion.

The most important finding was that the combination-treated group had very active genes related to the formation of new mitochondria, which are the parts of cells that produce energy, suggesting exercise and green tea together helps cells use more fat for energy.

Combat Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver DiseaseOf course, green tea and exercise will benefit your health, but it will not completely cure your non-fatty liver disease. To do this, you need to first address the root cause of the problem, which I explain here

Combat Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease – Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease – Its Alarming Real Cause

We’ve been led to believe that liver disease is more problematic after a certain age.

But a new study published in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology has now revealed that a particular group of teenagers and young adults are also at risk.

For years, scientists have been ringing alarms about the increase in obesity amongst children and young adults that leads to heart disease and diabetes, but few have studied the effects on the liver.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) occurs when your liver cells are infiltrated by fat. Scientists call this steatosis. If this isn’t treated early, it scars the liver permanently – this is called fibrosis.

Researchers from the University of Bristol analyzed the information of 4,021 participants in their 20s, all of whom had been assessed for NAFLD as teenagers.

They underwent a transient elastography FibroScan that detects liver steatosis and fibrosis.

Of those who did not have problematic alcohol habits, 20.7 percent had fatty livers, with 10 percent suffering from severe fatty liver disease.

In comparison, 25 percent of older adult populations around the world are estimated to suffer from it, implying that most of the damage is done before the age of 25.

Those who were classified as overweight or obese were more likely to have fatty livers than those at a healthy weight.

By the age of 17, only 2.5 percent suffered from moderate or severe fatty livers. It increased to 13 percent by the age of 24.

Researchers warned that the obesity epidemic among children in the West needed to be controlled to prevent further damage. They concluded these young people could remain healthy if they simply changed their diets and exercise habits.

To get more ideas on how to combat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, watch this video – Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Risk Factors, Symptoms (ex. Fatigue), Treatment (ex. Coffee)

Combat Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver DiseaseThankfully, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease can be reversed using the simple lifestyle changes explained here

This post is from the Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Strategy created by Julissa Clay. She is well renowned within the natural health industry and has produced many effective strategies for people looking for healthier ways to improve their health. 

The Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Strategy is your guide to detoxifying and repairing your liver in four weeks. It’s a 100% safe and natural system that focuses on detoxing your liver, correcting your diet and exercises to burn more fat to begin treating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

The Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Strategy is designed for the everyday person – the person who doesn’t have the time to spend hours at the gym or cooking up elaborate meals. It’s practical and reasonable, offering a natural treatment plan that you can continue with moving forward so you can maintain your new liver health.

To find out more about this program, go to Combat Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

What is the Best Way to Eliminate Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms?

Eliminate Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms - Scientists have found that there is indeed a cheap and readily available supplement that can be taken to treat arthritis, and the best news is it’s easily accessible and won’t break the bank.


Eliminate Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms – This Cheap Supplement Relieves All Arthritis Pain

“Excruciating” is a word that is commonly used to describe the pain associated with arthritis, and if you’ve ever suffered from it, or know someone who does, you too can probably relate.

At times, the pain is like no other, resulting in many people going to great lengths to get rid of it.

At times desperation is so high, resulting in people being easily taken in by snake oil salespeople trying to palm off expensive and useless “cures”.

But a new scientific study from the Netherlands is about to put these so-called “salespeople” out of business with their findings.

Scientists have found that there is indeed a cheap and readily available supplement that can be taken to treat arthritis, and the best news is it’s easily accessible and won’t break the bank.

Omega-3 fatty acids are not only inexpensive; they’re amazing for your overall health, including the joints. It can be found in abundance in walnuts, soybean oil, and cold-water fish like tuna and salmon. But the best sources of it are flax seed and fish oils.

The recommended quantity of the flax seed oil supplement is just 3-10 grams daily. It is particularly effective to take supplements that contain both DHA and EPA, both of which are types of omega 3 fatty acids.

Omega-3 fatty acids are known for their anti-inflammatory properties. They stimulate production of certain chemicals that control inflammation in joints, blood and tissues.

Studies have found that consistently taking fish or flax seed oil works for morning stiffness and joint tenderness, especially among people suffering from osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

And here’s an interesting fact about omega-3 fatty acids for you – it’s not just us, even cats get osteoarthritis relief with fish oil supplements, according to the study.

Eliminate Rheumatoid Arthritis SymptomsBut Omega-3 fat is not enough to completely reverse your arthritis. Here are the three exact steps I took to eliminate my arthritis pain completely in 21 days…

Eliminate Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms – How Arthritis Affects Your Eyes

What, the eyes?

Isn’t arthritis limiting and painful enough so we don’t have to twist the knife by adding more?

Unfortunately, you need to know about these if you suffer arthritis. Because there are still many things you can do to prevent those serious eye conditions, especially if caught early.

So, in today’s article, we’ll tell you about 7 ways arthritis affects your eyes and what to do about it.

Most of the conditions are inflammatory ones:

1) Dry eye. According to a review of the literature in the journal Cogent Medicine in 2016, this is the most common complaint that bothers up to 50% of arthritis sufferers.

Your lacrimal glands are less active, and so are your salivary glands to cause a dry mouth as well as dry eyes. An artificial tear solution should be sufficient to provide relief.

2) Conjunctivitis. According to this same review, inflammation of your inner eyelid and the outside layer of the white part of your eye is common. This is normally caused by a virus, bacterium, or other irritant, is luckily not serious, and will pass without treatment in less than five days.

Keeping dirty hands off your eyes and avoiding known irritants are good preventive measures.

3) Keratitis. This is another inflammatory condition, in this case of your cornea. When caused by bacteria or viruses, it can pass quickly, but more serious forms can cause your cornea to perforate or to develop scar tissue that can leave you half blind.

If you struggle with pain, poor eyesight and red eyes, you may be in trouble and should seek medical attention.

4) Episcleritis and scleritis. These conditions involve inflammation of the episclera or sclera, the latter being the outside white coating of your eye. The former passes undramatically, but the latter is serious and can lead to permanent loss of vision. It is also very painful and might require surgery.

5) Retinal vasculitis. This occurs when your retinal artery becomes inflamed, and the only way you can know it is happening is when your vision deteriorates, when you see dark spots or when you struggle to distinguish colors.

An ophthalmologist will have to diagnose and treat it.

6) Ocular hypertension and glaucoma. According to a study in a recent edition of the journal Acta Ophthalmologica, up to 42% of people with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis have ocular hypertension or glaucoma.

Ocular hypertension is high eye pressure because of inadequate drainage of fluid from your eyes. This causes glaucoma, which involves damage to the optic nerve. This can cause permanent vision loss. There is no cure but if caught early enough, it can be managed without serious vision loss.

7) Uveitis. A potentially serious condition, it involves the inflammation of the part of your eye that includes the iris. If you’re sensitive to light, see flashing lights, have burning eyes and blurred vision, you need to visit your ophthalmologist.

I recommend that everyone suffering arthritis gets a regular checkup with a good ophthalmologist. Even if some of the conditions above are incurable, they can often be managed, symptom free, if caught early.

On the upside, most of these conditions are inflammatory, which suggests that you can help to prevent them by keeping the levels of inflammation in your body as low as possible.

Eliminate Rheumatoid Arthritis SymptomsAnd the best news is that you can completely reverse your arthritis, and therefore the eye complications, in 28 days, following these 3 simple steps…

Eliminate Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms – Arthritis Drastically Improved with This Delicious Food

According to a new study, published in June 2017, in Arthritis Care & Research, one type of food can improve arthritis more than leading medications …

… without the side effects!

Even better, this food comes in lots of variety and is plainly yummy!

Researchers analyzed the information of 176 people collected by the Evaluation of Subclinical Cardiovascular Disease and Predictors of Events in RA (ESCAPE-RA) cohort study.

The available information included a food frequency questionnaire and DAS28-CRP scores.

The DAS28-CRP score is commonly used to measure the onset of arthritis. It measures the amount of c-reactive protein in your body and joints as it is a great indication of the amount of inflammation that is present.

The DAS28-CRP scale runs from 2 to 10, with anything below 2.6 indicating a condition in remission.

Those participants that ate the most fish (twice or more) could lower their DAS28-CRP score one point.

While one point on the scale doesn’t seem like much, it is, in fact, the same as methotrexate, a drug often prescribed for people with rheumatoid arthritis.

This supports previous studies showing that omega-3 fish oil can drastically improve arthritis function. Only now we know that eating the whole fish can be just as good.

To maximize your fish intake as an arthritis treatment, consume fish that contains as much omega-3 oil as possible.

These include

1) Mackerel contains so much omega-3 that one relatively small serving can give you approximately seven grams of it.

2) Sardines contain so much that one moderately sized serving can supply you with around two grams.

3) Herring is good for almost two grams per serving.

4) Salmon contains between one and 1.5 grams per serving, depending on how it is processed, farmed and cooked.

5) Albacore tuna has approximately one gram per serving.

Opt for fresh rather than frozen or canned fish and wild rather than farmed.

For more ideas on how to eliminate rheumatoid arthritis symptoms, watch this video – Rheumatoid arthritis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Eliminate Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms – But eating fish is only a smart piece of the puzzle. Here are the exact 3 steps thousands of readers have used to cure their arthritis completely in 28 days or less …

This post is from the Arthritis Strategy Program. It was created by Shelly Manning, a former arthritis sufferer and a health consultant.

A Brief Background on the Author

Like you, Shelly Manning also suffered from arthritis, particularly osteoarthritis. This was due to her weight and desk job. Her condition eventually took a toll on her relationship with her (former) husband.

It was when she went to Hong Kong that she met Janerdquo, an old woman who owned the restaurant where she ate. Janerdquo supposedly offered her a bowl of a weird-smelling soup, which helped ease her joint pain. She ate there each day for 10 days until she was completely healed from arthritis.

Shelly Manning decided to research this natural remedy and to create a step-by-step treatment plan to others who are suffering from different types of arthritis, such as gout, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, and psoriatic arthritis.

That’s why she created “The Arthritis Step By Step Strategy.” According to her claims, this unique strategy will get rid of joint pain and stiffness, repair your damaged joints, and treat the underlying cause of your arthritis.

Shelly teamed up with Christian Goodman, the owner of Blue Heron Health News, a publishing company that aims to help people to take responsibility for their own health by using natural health alternatives for preventing arthritis in fingers and knees naturally.

To find out more about this program, go to Eliminate Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms in Just 21 Days or Less

What is the Best Way to Get Rid of Acid Reflux in Your Throat Fast?

What does acid reflux do to your throat? How long does it take for throat to heal from acid reflux? What is the Best Way to Get Rid of Acid Reflux in Your Throat Fast?


Get Rid of Acid Reflux in Your Throat Fast – These Acid Reflux Drugs Lead to Untreatable and Dangerous Diseases

These acid reflux drugs are some of the most commonly prescribed drugs in the world.

But medical practitioners haven’t been revealing the whole story.

They have kept some information to themselves, or at least did not publicize it.

These drugs, according to a new study in the Journal JAMA Internal Medicine, lead to other diseases, more serious ones.

Deadly and untreatable ones.

Gastric acid suppression drugs are used to treat acid reflux because they suppress the production of stomach acids.

If stomach acid escapes from your stomach and washes back up into your esophagus and your mouth, the simplest solution for doctors is to prescribe a drug that blocks the enzymes that produce stomach acid.

The scientists wanted to explore the relationship between gastric acid suppressants and multidrug-resistant bacteria.

They looked at a number of past studies that compared the occurrence of multi-drug resistance between acid suppressants users and non-users, which included a total of 22,305 subjects.

From these, they found that people on acid suppressants were 75 percent more likely than non-users to develop multi-drug resistant gut bacteria.

The presence of one drug resistant bacterium can lead to the occurrence of drug resistant infections that involve other bacteria.

Furthermore, while bacteria that are in our digestive tracts are usually not harmful while they stay there, they can become extremely harmful when they escape through perforations in your intestines.

If they cause infections elsewhere in your body and they are multidrug-resistant, you might never be able to remove them.

Get Rid of Acid Reflux in Your Throat Fast – But multi-drug resistant gut bacteria aren’t the only, or even the most dangerous consequences of acid reflux drugs. Fortunately, it’s easy to cure acid reflux – as soon as today – using a safe natural method. I’ll explain this here

Get Rid of Acid Reflux in Your Throat Fast – FDA Warning on Acid Reflux Medications

If you’re one of millions of people who suffer acid reflux and use – even if it’s only occasionally – medications to manage your heartburn, you’ll really want to pay attention to today’s short article.

Americans spend more than $10 billion on prescription drugs for heartburn. That’s on top of billions spent on over-the-counter solutions.

The most common drugs for heartburn are Proton Pump Inhibitors, or PPIs. These drugs stop small pumps lining the stomach wall that secrete acid to break down food for digestion. They’re approved by FDA for chronic, long term heartburn (GERD) but doctors are giving them out for a much wider range of conditions (surprise, surprise).

Recently the FDA has been issuing a series of warnings regarding long-term risk associated with PPIs, linking them to increased risk of infection with the diarrhea-causing superbug Clostridium difficile. Taking it for as little as a year increases the risk of hip fracture and causes vitamin B-12 deficiency. The worst part may be severe withdrawal symptoms when discontinuing use.

The good news is there is a simple, cheap home remedy you can make that instantly eliminates acid reflux for most people. And following a small plan, you can be permanently heartburn free for life. Learn more about this acid reflux approach here…

To tackle IBS naturally, click here…

Get Rid of Acid Reflux in Your Throat Fast – Asthma- Milk Irritates More Than Reflux

A reader commented on the last milk article that he developed asthma as a result of his body’s intolerance to dairy.

Understanding how this is possible means first understanding that there are different types of asthma, and thus the triggers for attacks will differ.

For the reader whose asthma trigger is dairy, this suggests that his asthma is “non-allergic.” This basically means that his inflammation is caused by irritants outside the allergy world, such as pollen, dander, and dust.

Keep in mind that an intolerance to something is much different than an allergy.

While different types of inflammation occur with both allergies and intolerances, as evidenced in the differing kinds of asthma, the physiology behind the inflammation differs.

Asthma is an inflammation and constriction of the airways, causing the sufferer to not be able to breathe easily. This can range in severity from mildly irritating to life-threatening. People who are no strangers to asthma likely are well-familiar with not only what type of asthma they have, but also what triggers their inflammation.

Ironically, it is known that Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease also causes asthma attacks. This is particularly important to people who have an intolerance to dairy who also have a history of GERD, asthma, lactose intolerance, or any other dairy-related problems.

The point here isn’t so much to teach asthma sufferers about what causes their problems. Rather, it is more of an awareness issue for the rest of us who are not as sensitive to dairy.

It seems anymore that there are warnings popping up all over packages, menus, and even outside certain buildings of the presence of certain food ingredients. I have heard a lot of people complain about these warnings, saying it seems to be going overboard.

However, this is more than the drive to try and be sensitive or politically correct.

Have you ever tried to breathe through a small straw? If you don’t have asthma or allergies, you likely have not had the displeasure of this experience.

If you have ever wondered why there is such a push to disclose the presence of these food items, I would invite you, to give this exercise a try. Take a drinking straw, place it in your mouth, and go up and down your stairs (at a safe pace as to not trip and choke on your straw) at least once. Breathe only through your straw…not your nose.

Don’t overdo it, but just try to get a sense of what this feels like.

This is similar to what people who have antihistamine reactions go through when they are having an anaphylactic or asthmatic reaction to certain triggers, of which dairy is a big one.

The difference is, they can’t take the straw out of their mouths. During an attack, frequently a rescue inhaler, or trip to the ER is all that can turn the situation around.

For people with severe food allergies, an Epi-pen is their constant companion.

Trying to imagine the feeling of GERD at its worst is a little harder to do (safely). But these attacks are easily triggered by dairy, soy, red meat, and other foods- even when eaten in moderation.

Suffice it to say that if you really wanted a sensitivity training kind of exercise here, just imagine the feeling of trying to swallow a 5-pound barbell. The heavy, anxious, painful feeling along the esophagus and near the stomach’s opening isn’t just awful to experience; it can lead to long-term damage.

So I would invite you to try and notice on the packages, menus and buildings the different safety notices that are posted and what kinds of foods are listed. This will help you be a better friend to the people in your lives who suffer from food-related problems such as asthma, GERD and allergies.

For more ideas to get rid of acid reflux in your throat fast, watch this video – How To Stop Acid Reflux | How To Treat Acid Reflux

To better plan your meals, or to learn more about Acid Reflux, have a look at my natural Acid Reflux guide today.

This post is from Scott Davis’ Acid Reflux Solution. This program helps you to cure your heartburn and acid reflux by using natural remedies to quickly heal your stomach without dangerous medicine or risky surgeries. It can also help you to remove some disorders of acid reflux such as constipation or IBS.

To find out more about the program, go to Get Rid of Acid Reflux in Your Throat Fast

What is the Best Way to Eliminate All Complications of Hypothyroidism?

What is the Best Way to Eliminate All Complications of Hypothyroidism? The medical system considers hypothyroidism incurable. Its solution is life sentence on hormone drugs, causing a ton of side effects. But a new study in the Journal Frontiers in Endocrinology reveals the real underlying cause of hypothyroidism, but the good news is – this one is easily treatable.


Eliminate All Complications of Hypothyroidism – Hypothyroidism Caused by This Work Habit

We usually associate hypothyroidism with weight gain, obesity, fatigue, depression, joint pain, muscle weakness, heart disease, and diabetes.

But working habits, that’s something new.

Yes, a recent study due to be presented at the Endocrine Society annual meeting highlighted one work habit that may be the underlying cause of your hypothyroid.

Numerous previous studies have found that people who work long hours have an increased risk of diseases and health events like coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, and arthritis.

However, it is the first time that overworking has ever been linked to hypothyroidism.

Researchers used the information of 2,160 working adults that had previously been collected by the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Information about the amount of worked hours and blood tests to examine thyroid function were used.

1.4 percent who worked between 36-42 hours a week and 3.5 percent that worked between 53-83 hours a week suffered from hypothyroidism.

This shows the more hours worked increased the risk of suffering from hypothyroidism by 2.5 times.

Furthermore, for every 10 extra hours worked every week, the chance of developing hypothyroidism increased by 46 percent.

Although women tend to suffer from hypothyroidism more in general, the studies found that overworking affects men and women suffering from hypothyroidism equally.

Hypothyroidism is one of the risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease, so this explains the occurrence of these diseases in people who work long hours too.

Interestingly, the socioeconomic conditions of the participants did not skew results.

Eliminate All Complications of Hypothyroidism – Reducing the amount of hours you work will help, but it’s not always enough. To cure your hypothyroidism you need to tackle its underlying causes, which I explain here

Eliminate All Complications of Hypothyroidism – The Curable Cause of Hypothyroidism

The medical system considers hypothyroidism incurable.

Its solution is life sentence on hormone drugs, causing a ton of side effects.

But a new study in the Journal Frontiers in Endocrinology reveals the real underlying cause of hypothyroidism, but the good news is – this one is easily treatable.

These researchers wanted to know more about the effect on the thyroid of subacute thyroiditis, which is a condition in which your thyroid gland becomes inflamed, which in turn can either cause hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.

When it is acute, thyroid hormone leaks out into the bloodstream causing symptoms similar to those of hyperthyroidism, such as a faster heart rate, exhaustion, anxiety, irritability, increased perspiration, tremors, muscular weakness, and weight loss. Doctors referred to this as thyrotoxicosis.

When it is subacute, it causes pain in the neck, jaw, and ears; the thyroid becomes enlarged, and one often has a fever and aching muscles. It is usually caused by a viral infection, especially upper respiratory infections.

The researchers recruited 61 patients with thyroiditis and followed them for two years to see when the first signs of hypothyroidism developed.

As they expected, they observed a sudden increase in thyroid size at the time of the subacute thyroiditis.

But by both one and two years, the thyroids of people who had had thyroiditis were a lot smaller than those were in healthy people, indicating hypothyroidism becomes a possibility soon after the thyroiditis.

They also found that the thyroids of thyroiditis sufferers who ended up developing hypothyroidism were even smaller than those who had the thyroiditis but never the hypothyroidism.

The maximum thyroid-stimulating hormone levels within the first three months were closely linked with the development of hypothyroidism later.

The trick is to reduce the inflammation immediately after it begins.

Eliminate All Complications of Hypothyroidism – Throughout the years, I have helped hundreds of people reverse their hypothyroidism by tackling the inflammation causing it. Here are the exact methods I use…

Eliminate All Complications of Hypothyroidism – How Hypothyroidism Destroys Family Planning Dreams

Conceiving doesn’t come easy to all couples. There are many people out there with fertility problems that make it difficult to fall pregnant.

There are some clear explanations about a person’s fertility issues, but then there are some that remain a mystery.

Now researchers from The First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University in China have found that a type of hypothyroidism is messing with your ability to have children in the future.

According to researchers, subclinical hypothyroidism interferes with female fertility. They investigated whether it affected a woman’s ovarian reserve.

In general, women in their late 30s and 40s have a lower ovarian reserve than women in their 20s, partly because they have fewer egg cells, and partly because the egg cells that are still present are not good enough to be fertilized.

Researchers recruited 2,568 women who had requested infertility treatment. 2,279 of them had normal thyroid function and 289 had subclinical hypothyroidism. 1,349 were below the age of 35 and 1,219 were older.

While there is currently no direct way of testing ovarian reserves, they used the most common markers used by researchers to estimate it, including the follicle-stimulating hormone (that regulates the growth and selection of egg cells), the antral follicle count (the number of a type of follicle that indicates the number of egg cells, estimated via ultrasound), and the anti-Müllerian hormone (that regulates the maturation of ovarian follicles).

Women with subclinical hypothyroidism had substantially lower anti-Müllerian hormones and antral follicle numbers and higher follicle-stimulating hormones than their peers with a healthy thyroid function.

Those below 35 differed only in follicle-stimulating hormones compared to their healthy thyroid peers, while those above 35 had an unhealthier profile of all three factors.

In other words, the older you are, the more severe the effects of subclinical hypothyroidism are on your fertility.

Usually, subclinical hypothyroidism is difficult to detect because there are often few to no symptoms. But if you have vague and unspecific symptoms like fatigue, depression, weight gain, hair loss, cognitive fogginess, and a swelling in your neck, you may have it.

Watch this video – My Struggle w/ Hypothyroidism | Weight Loss , Symptoms , How I Live w/ it

Eliminate All Complications of Hypothyroidism – But there is good news – you can reverse BOTH your infertility and hypothyroidism in 21 days or less by getting to the root cause of the problem, which I’ll explain here…

This post is from the Hypothyroidism Solution Program created by Julissa Clay. She provides you with tips and techniques which she used while struggling with hypothyroidism. Julissa is a natural health researcher and has written many health program e-books and digital guides. She spent all her life to the service of all the people and helped them to recover from various health issues naturally. You can easily avoid the side effects of the medications by following her.

To find out more about this program, click on Eliminate All Complications of  Hypothyroidism

How to Create Your Own Alcohol-Free Hand Sanitizer?

Most commercial hand sanitizers use alcohol as the antibacterial agent. These products are often drying and burn if you have even the slightest scratch on your hand, which can be painful for adults, not to mention children. Here is how to create your own alcohol-free hand sanitizer.


3-Ingredient Natural Homemade Hand Sanitizer

This 3-ingredient aloe and lavender recipe uses the natural germ fighting properties in tea tree oil to create an alcohol-free hand sanitizer.

Having a hand sanitizer in your purse or car to use in a pinch comes in handy when good old-fashioned soap and water are nowhere in sight.

However, most commercial hand sanitizers use alcohol as the antibacterial agent. These products are often drying and burn if you have even the slightest scratch on your hand, which can be painful for adults, not to mention children.

To make matters worse, many commercial sanitizers contain synthetic fragrances and parabens to extend the shelf life of the product. Luckily, creating a homemade hand sanitizer that contains only pure ingredients couldn’t be easier.

This DIY version is free of harsh ingredients and combines the soothing aroma of lavender with tea tree oil to combat germs, all in a moisturizing aloe vera-based gel. Grab a small pump or squeeze bottle and let’s get started!

Start out with an aloe vera gel that is pure and contains no fillers. A great aloe vera gel dries quickly, is moisturizing, and isn’t sticky. Aloe vera gel is available online and in health food stores, with plenty of natural brands to choose from.

Pour aloe vera gel into a pump or squeeze bottle. Next, add 3-4 drops of high quality tea tree oil and 4 drops of lavender oil. Lavender oil also has antiviral and antibacterial properties of its own.

If you prefer a stronger scent, add in a few more drops of lavender. Secure the lid and give the mixture a shake. Store your sanitizer in a convenient spot, like a purse or in your glove compartment.

Try these other great scents to add to your hand sanitizer…

  • Orange or citrus oil: uplifting
  • Peppermint oil: refreshing
  • Rosemary: relaxing

3-Ingredient Natural Homemade Hand Sanitizer

Recipe by Jennafer Ashley

This 3-ingredient aloe and lavender recipe uses the natural germ fighting properties found in tea tree oil to create an alcohol-free hand sanitizer.


  • Small pump or squeeze bottle


  • 2 oz 100% aloe vera gel
  • 4 drops lavender oil
  • 3 drops high quality tea tree oil


  1. Pour aloe vera gel into a small pump or squeeze bottle, leaving a little bit of room at the top.
  • Add drops of tea tree oil and lavender oil.
  • Secure lid and shake to combine.

Watch this video – How To Make Your Own Hand Sanitizer | Dr. Ian Smith

Written by Jennafer Ashley

Author Bio:

Jenna is a Registered Dietetic Technician and recipe developer specializing in healthy eating. She styles and photographs recipes for her website, Fresh and Fit , as well as contributes to a variety of websites. In her free time, Jenna enjoys trying new restaurants and hiking with her German Shepherd.

A lot of people have gotten results from the Keto diet, and enjoyed the foods that it has to offer. However, many of the people who are following this diet have a hard time finding the recipes that they need, especially ones that are quick and easy to complete.

Fortunately, Kelsey Ale, noticed this problem, and decided to do something about it. She’s found that making recipes in a slow cooker gives you meals which are not only delicious, but also take very little time to make. Mostly you just put a few simple ingredients in the slow cooker, and let it do the rest.

To find out more, click on – Keto Slow Cooker Cookbook

What Simone Collins Has to Say About Crossfit Training

What Simone Collins has to say about crossfit training, her top three tips for women who want to compete in bodybuilding, her offseason daily meal plan, her 3 favourite exercises, and her tips about fitness.
Click HERE to Find Out How You Can Build Muscle & Lose Fat By Eating Plants



“Discovering the gym changed my life. It became my new coping mechanism, and instead of being harmful and negative, it help me heal myself physically, mentally, and emotionally.”

Name: Simone Collins
Occupation: Graphic Designer for the Arnold Classic Australia and Dohertys Gym
City/State/Country: Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Age: 28
Height: 5’5″
Weight: 128 lbs.
Training: CrossFit and bodybuilding
Website: http://www.simicollins.com
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/simivegan
Instagram: @simi_collins

Q: What are your personal passions outside of fitness?

I love music and art. I secretly love to sing, and although I haven’t done it for ages, I love drawing. I am also a bit of a nerd – I love Anime, playing games, watching or reading fantasy/sci-fi.

Q: What is the biggest obstacle you have had to overcome in your life?

Beating anxiety and depression. I was in a dark place in my late teens/early 20s. I really struggled to find a way to cope with my emotions and mental state. My coping mechanisms were harmful and negative, including self-harm and eating disorders.

Discovering the gym changed my life. It became my new coping mechanism, and instead of being harmful and negative, it help me heal myself physically, mentally, and emotionally. It gave me self-confidence, motivation and a healthy relationship with food.

Q: What was the hardest part of going vegan for you?

I didn’t find it hard at all! I was vegetarian for 10 years before I went vegan, so it was really easy to substitute eggs with tofu, and whey with plant-based protein, which was really the only animal products I was eating.

“For anyone making the switch, I suggest keeping your diet as close as you can to what you are used to, and simply making substitutes to the animal products in your meals.”

Q: What are your top three tips for women who want to compete?

  1. Be mentally ready – competition prep is as much a mental test as it is a physical endeavor!
  2. Don’t crash diet! If you feel you have to drop your calories so low, or do tons of cardio to get lean in time, you’re probably not ready for the show. Slow down and prepare for the next one, there’s no hurry, competitions are run all the time!
  • Just have fun! Competition prep is hard, but the challenge is extremely exciting and there’s no better feeling than being on stage in your best shape!

Q: What does your daily meal plan offseason look like?

My diet varies a bit, especially now that I’m not prepping for a show. I tend not to count calories or macros in this time and eat more intuitively, to give myself a break from the regiment of competition prep. Here’s an example of my meal plan:

  • Breakfast: Huge bowl of oats with protein powder and berries topped with cinnamon and ginger
  • Post-Workout: Plant-based protein powder and Greens
  • Lunch: 200g tofu, tempeh, seitan, lentils, beans or chickpeas (protein and iron source!) 1-2 roast potatoes or a cup of rice or quinoa (carb source) and unlimited non-starchy vegetables or raw salad, topped with nutritional yeast (b12) Himalayan salt (for iodine) and a splash of sauce (usually no added sugar barbecue, soy sauce, apple cider vinegar, salsa or pasta sauce)
  • Snack: 4 rice cakes made into sandwiches with 1 chopped banana, fruit puree spread on each one and topped with cinnamon
  • Dinner: Same as lunch usually
  • Snack: A few walnuts (omega 3)
  • Before bed: Plant-based protein mousse (just mix in less water or nut milk!) and flaxmeal (omega 3)
  • Throughout the day: A couple of cups or tea or coffee with almond milk. I tend to snack if and when I’m hungry. I try to eat natural whole foods most of the time. Sometimes I like to have a treat here and there, like some mock meat, veggie burgers, vegan pizza, fries, chocolate, lollies etc. I keep this pretty minimal though.

Q: Philosophy on supplements and which ones you take?

  • B12
  • Creatine, now and then
  • BCAAs
  • Super Greens
  • L-Carnitine, during bikini competition prep

B12 is crucial for vegan bodybuilders. I manage to maintain high B12 levels simply eating nutritional yeast, however if you’re low, I would recommend a supplement or even injections. Sports aren’t always necessary, but personally I feel they assist my training.

Q: Describe your training regiment.

At the moment I am doing mostly CrossFit.

We start the class generally working strength or a particular lift, then we do a WOD (which is usually high intensity work for time or reps).

We usually have an upper-body focused day, followed by a lower body day, then a “skills day” where we work more on strength and technique.

“I love the CrossFit training style, you develop a great skill base, it keeps you very fit, and it’s heaps of fun!”

I usually do CrossFit 4-5 times a week, and a squat-only day (as I am working on increasing my squat at the moment).

If I do 4 days of CrossFit, I also do an arms/shoulders/chest day in the gym. I also stretch and practice basic gymnastics holds.

Q: If you have to pick only three exercises, what would they be and why?

Can’t go wrong with the “Big 3” in powerlifting! They require the use of multiple muscle groups and I believe you could keep very fit and strong, and even build a decent physique, just doing these 3 lifts.

Q: What tips can you share about fitness?

That anything you want to achieve in health and fitness, you can achieve on a 100 percent vegan lifestyle!

Q: What are the three biggest trends you see in fitness right now?

Fasted cardio: Seems to work for some, personally it makes me feel gross. I hate it so I never do it!

Fitness Model Competitions: It feels like every other girl in the gym is getting ready for her first “Fitness Model” competition, which is great, however I hope they are all doing it for the right reasons, and are mentally prepared as well as physically. I often notice these girls have not been training very long. I even met one that had never been to a show, and didn’t even know what federation she had signed up for!

Sometimes I think these girls are pushed into competing by their coaches, or want to do a competition just because it’s the in thing to do.

Nutella: I don’t understand why everyone is so obsessed with it, it drives me nuts!

Q: What advice do you have for someone who wants to try a plant-based diet?

“I think the hardest part from a bodybuilding perspective, is trusting that you can still get the same results without animal products.”

But there are plenty of athletes who prove that it’s completely possible, not only to maintain muscle, but to gain muscle or to get lean and shredded for a competition without meat or dairy.

To get more ideas about crossfit training, watch this video – How to combine CROSSFIT and BODYBUILDING

Author Bio:

Chris Willitts (creator of V3), is the founder and owner of Vegetarian Bodybuilding.

V3 Vegetarian Bodybuilding System is a mixture of science and author’s advice, providing users with optimal diet and exercise. This system is designed for vegans and vegetarians only.

A lot of research has been put in this program. Furthermore, a lot of professional bodybuilders and athletes tried and tested the program, praising its progressiveness and efficiency.

The program is about taking control of your own body and health according to your potential and needs. And worry not; you’ll get plenty of proteins with this system. It will boost you with energy, and you’ll feel just a strong as any carnivore would (perhaps even stronger, depending on how much you invest in your exercise). It avoids vitamins deficiency and provides you with a lot of proteins, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. 

Instead of saying things like “I think a plant-based diet is good for athletes and bodybuilders,” the V3 Vegetarian Bodybuilding System claims “I know a plant-based diet is good for athletes and bodybuilders, and I have results to prove it.”

To find out more, visit the website at V3 Bodybuilding – Vegan Bodybuilding and Crossfit Training

What Robert Cheeke Has to Say About Vegan Bodybuilding and Fitness

What Robert Cheeke has to say about vegan bodybuilding and fitness; his views about bodybuilding nutrition, his morning ritual, what he sees about the future of plant-based fitness in the next five to 10 years



“A few years ago, I changed my viewpoint on a number of popular and controversial topics, including protein consumption, supplement use, and my overall views about the sport of bodybuilding.”

Robert Cheeke is responsible for creating one of the first plant-based fitness websites in history, and has over 20 years’ experience as a vegan athlete. It’s pioneers like him that have made it possible for bodybuilders, athletes, and gym rats like me to wake up to a healthier path of fitness.

Robert and I agree almost entirely on the topic of bodybuilding nutrition.

We both believe that a supplement-free, whole-food, plant-based diet is optimal.

The only difference between in our philosophies is that he advocates a low-protein diet across the board.

“Whereas, I think some individuals may need more protein based on genetics, fitness goals, etc.”

That said, I try to stay open and remain willing to learn more.

Hell, I used to think that eating exuberant amounts of meat was the only path to packing on muscle and now I own a website called VegetarianBodybuilding.com.

It’s nice knowing that a guy like Robert is traveling the globe, spreading the good word about our lifestyle, and bringing us together.

Our tribe is much stronger because of him without question. I also share and respect his belief in consistency and creating positive habits.

You will certainly have an opportunity to learn a lot from him in this interview!

Q: What does your morning ritual look like (first 30-60 minutes)?

When I wake up, I cuddle with my little Chihuahua, Benny, for a few minutes before using the bathroom and brushing my teeth. I then check my email, Facebook, and Twitter from my phone as I wake myself up. Once I’m up, I take Benny out for a walk and then make my way to the kitchen for some fruit.

I usually grab a handful of bananas and a bottle of yerba mate or glass of water, and fire up my laptop and start working for the day. My girlfriend, Karen, makes a bowl of oatmeal with fruit and walnuts and checks for book and clothing orders that came in during the night to prepare packages to be shipped out.

I sign books if necessary and then settle into social media work, promoting my Vegan Bodybuilding & Fitness brand from my laptop in my home office. That covers my first hour upon waking.

Q: What key rituals/practices do you try to maintain at all costs, even while you travel?

One of the rituals I am very proud of is my daily commitment to completing more than 100 push-ups and crunches per day. I have not missed a day performing at least 100 of each since August 16, 2013. I average about 145 push-ups and 285 crunches completed per day.

“Regardless of where I am, what time zone or country, I do these exercises every single day. I believe in consistency and creating positive habits, and this is my longest-running current daily practice.”

Q: Who were/are your mentors in life? Tell us about them and why.

When I look back at my mentors over the years, the people who stand out are my high school psychology of success teacher, Eric Dazey; my high school soccer coach, Jon Bullock; America’s Greatest Running Legend, Steve Prefontaine; my older sister, Tanya; and most recently, Dr. T. Colin Campbell.

Mr. Dazey helped me create formulas for success, and his leadership transformed my academic performance during an important time in my life, when I was a freshman in high school struggling to adjust academically.

I just bumped into Mr. Dazey in my hometown in July 2015, and it was one of the highlights of my summer.

“Coach Bullock taught me to demand excellence and work hard to achieve meaningful goals. He challenged me to become a leader on my team and in my community.”

I just saw him in a TEDx video a couple of weeks ago, giving a motivational speech about creating a compassionate world. I’m proud to call him a friend and mentor.

“Prefontaine showed me what the human body is capable of when you give everything you have to your sport and follow your passion fully.”

Steve “Pre” Prefontaine was the athlete I looked up to above all others. He died before I was born, but his legacy impacted me more than anyone else and shaped the way I would approach my own athletic performance for the rest of my life – with reckless abandon and disciplined hard work.

My older sister, Tanya, introduced me to the vegan lifestyle back in 1995 and has been a continual role model for me ever since. It was her leadership that changed my life forever and influenced the paths I would take and dreams I would pursue.

Lately, Dr. T. Colin Campbell has been one of my greatest role models, impacting the way I look at food, health, and the intellectual honesty that is part of a public discussion I now have about the whole-food, plant-based lifestyle.

I am honored to be an annual featured speaker on the Holistic Holiday at Sea Vegan-friendly Cruise with Dr. Campbell and other leaders.

Q: What is something you believe in that other people usually think is crazy/different (besides vegan-related topics)?

One thing that is a little different about me is that I still write handwritten thank you cards on a regular basis.

When I offer online contests, giveaways, and incentive prizes, I include a handwritten thank you card with each package I ship out. I sent out more than 500 personal thank you cards in 2014.

I leave handwritten thank you notes for the cleaning staff in motels and hotels, along with a cash tip, and I even include thank you cards when I pay bills via check in the mail. I feel like handwritten notes are a lost art these days, but it is something I enjoy doing.

“Based on the feedback I’ve received over the years, the thank you cards are greatly appreciated by the recipients, and it brings a smile to their face and joy to their day. That’s ultimately why I do it.”

Q: What have you changed your mind about in the past 10 years?

A few years ago, I changed my viewpoint on a number of popular and controversial topics, including protein consumption, supplement use, and my overall views about the sport of bodybuilding.

For many years, I was an advocate and promoter of a high-protein diet. I believed it was necessary for muscle growth and synonymous with the sport of bodybuilding.

In 2012, I took Dr. T. Colin Campbell’s Plant-Based Nutrition Certification Course through Cornell University, and based on what I learned, I adopted a relatively low-protein diet. As a result of that course, I also decided to give up use of all supplements aside from vitamin B12.

My views of the mainstream sport of bodybuilding had been waning for years, and the obsession with animal-based supplements among the mainstream bodybuilding community was another turnoff.

As a result, I became a lesser fan of the sport of bodybuilding than I had been for years.

“I appreciate the art of weight training and building one’s physique and all the hard work that goes into it, but supporting mainstream competitive bodybuilding is becoming more challenging for me since I disagree with the animal-based diet and supplements that are so prevalent in the sport.”

I am now into my fourth year on a low-protein, supplement-free, whole-food, plant-based diet, focusing on promoting vegan bodybuilding within a mainstream bodybuilding culture.

“I’m in my 20th year as a vegan athlete, and I am as strong now as I ever was when I was using supplements and consuming copious amounts of protein.”

Today, I follow a 70/15/15 approach, consuming approximately 70 percent of my calories from whole-food carbohydrates and 15 percent of each proteins and fats. I prefer to promote the general fitness lifestyle over competitive bodybuilding, as fitness appeals to far more individuals.

I have also become an expert on fat loss and muscle growth with a high-carbohydrate, low-protein, whole-food, plant-based diet from my years of experience following this approach and writing about it extensively in my latest book, “Shred It!”

Q: What would your friends/colleagues say you’re really good at?

My friends and colleagues would probably say that I am good at leading by example:

As a result of those efforts, I believe many friends would say I lead by example from putting in the work to create projects I believe in.

Q: What would your naysayers say you’re bad at?

I believe naysayers would say I’m bad at building muscle as a vegan by comparing me to mainstream steroid-using bodybuilders. They might also say that I am bad at running my website and that I’m not very good at responding to emails.

I have 700 unread emails in my main email account, and I run an out-of-date-looking website, so I would agree with the criticism, and I actively work hard to improve in many areas that I currently struggle to thrive in.

Q: What would you tell your 18-year-old self?

If I could go back in time, I would tell my 18-year-old self to spend more time in school. Though I have become successful in many areas, both personally and professionally, I never went to a traditional college or university, and I don’t have a degree in anything.

I relied on hard work to get where I am today, but I think I would have enjoyed college, learning and becoming smarter, as well as developing life-long friendships during those post-high school years in my late teens and early twenties.

Q: What are your three favorite books?

My three favorite books are:

1. “How to Win Friends and Influence People” by Dale Carnegie
2. “The Thank You Economy” by Gary Vaynerchuk
3. “Made to Stick” by Dan and Chip Heath

Q: What was the hardest part of writing your book? Tell us about the events that led to the decision to write it.

The hardest part about writing “Shred It!” was creating a 300-page book following my 300-page “Vegan Bodybuilding & Fitness” book released in 2010.

Coming up with new material covering a similar topic is always a challenge.

Fortunately for me, I have had a dramatic change in my views about protein consumption, supplement use, training, and other related topics, so I was able to write about a lot of completely fresh and innovative ideas.

Following my completion of Dr. Campbell’s Plant-Based Nutrition Certification Course, I was determined to write a plant-based fitness book. One that contained the fundamental principles of eating real, healthy whole plant foods combined with enjoyable exercise.

Perhaps the aspect that I am most proud involving my latest book is the endorsements I received from many of my biggest role models, including Dr. T. Colin Campbell, Dr. Caldwell B. Esselstyn, Jr., and the producer of “Forks Over Knives,” Brian Wendel.

It took nearly two years to write “Shred It!” when factoring in my initial drafts, hiring and working with an award-winning professional editor for six months, doing the photo shoots and book layout, and recruiting 28 world-renowned experts to peer review and endorse the book.

I am very proud that “Shred It!” is one of the bestselling vegan books of 2015 and has inspired thousands of people to achieve their health and fitness goals.

Q: What are the three biggest changes in fitness you’ve observed over the past decade?

Over the past decade, the biggest changes I’ve seen in the fitness industry are the trends that include CrossFit, the use of kettlebells, and the growing popularity of calisthenics and Parkour, or bodyweight training.

Programs such as P90X and other DVD training programs seem to be at an all-time high, as well. In general, I view these changes to be a good thing, because there are now more options available to the mainstream public, which appeal to mass audiences.

This, in turn, gets more people to become active, and should result in improved levels of health for this and the next generation if the fitness lifestyle is supported by healthy eating practices.

I believe changes and trends in fitness come and go, but as long as people are active and enjoying themselves doing physical activities, I think we’re on the right path.

Q: How did you become the founder/president of Vegan Bodybuilding & Fitness?

When I became vegan, I was a 15-year old, 120-pound sophomore in high school in 1995.

I was a five-sport athlete, finding most of my success in endurance sports such as cross-country, soccer, and track and field.

As a skinny teenage athlete, I wanted to be bigger and stronger.

It wasn’t until 1999 that I decided to start lifting weights. I wasn’t even familiar with the sport of bodybuilding, but I knew I wanted to build muscle.

The following year, I discovered there was an actual competitive sport of bodybuilding and embraced it, adding 30 pounds in one year, peaking at 185 pounds in 2001.

In 2002, at age 22, I founded Vegan Bodybuilding & Fitness, a brand designed to share my vegan bodybuilding lifestyle with others.

My website, http://www.veganbodybuilding.com, went online in early 2003. By that year, I weighed 195 pounds and had been featured in FLEX Magazine three times.

The vegan bodybuilding lifestyle was put on the map in a major way when I started competing and winning bodybuilding competitions in the mid-2000s.

I shared those experiences in newspapers, on TV, on the radio, in books, and all over the Internet.

“My vision behind creating Vegan Bodybuilding & Fitness was to lead by example to show that you can successfully build muscle on a vegan diet and achieve fitness goals without having to compromise ethics to excel in athletics. Ultimately, I wanted my actions to inspire others to lead to a more compassionate world.”

I went from weighing 120 pounds when I became vegan to weighing 195 pounds eight years later, and felt like I had a compelling story to share.

That story is still relevant today, as I am a keynote speaker sharing my transformation from skinny farm kid to champion vegan bodybuilder to audiences around the world.

Q: Next big plans for the site and you personally?

One of the exciting things that is part of my role in the vegan fitness industry is that I really never know what is next. I work hard to create opportunities by writing books, setting up speaking tours, and completing other projects, but there is also a lot of spontaneity and unique opportunities that arise on a regular basis.

For example, I take off to Australia for a three-week tour in October 2015, and I’m still piecing things together. I also plan to take a trip to Thailand in the New Year and possibly relocate to Venice Beach for a couple of months in early 2016, but these are just possibilities in the broad scope of life to be determined as time goes on.

Professionally, I plan to write more books in the near future, and I will continue to tour and speak to audiences around the world. Personally, I plan to do a lot of traveling to exotic places to explore the planet while sharing the compassionate vegan lifestyle with people all over the globe.

As for Vegan Bodybuilding & Fitness, we’ll be improving our website, growing our social media communities, releasing some companion books to “Shred It!,” producing more vegan fitness clothing, and writing more content for many publications.

Q: What does the future of plant-based fitness look like in the next five to 10 years?

The future for plant-based fitness is a bright one.

I was a plant-based athlete before the Internet came of age, and a whole lot has changed over the past couple of decades. The awareness of the vegan lifestyle is at an all-time high and growing rapidly, as is the acceptance of vegans in the athletic industry.

“There are more successful vegan athletes from all walks of life than we have ever seen, and this will only continue to perpetuate throughout all sports for years to come.”

I predict that there will be big stars in all major men’s and women’s sports who publicly adopt and promote a plant-based lifestyle within the next decade. This will truly be exciting to watch.

My latest book, “Shred It!,” can be found on http://www.veganbodybuilding.com.

Wishing you all the very best. Follow your passion and make it happen!

To get more ideas about vegan bodybuilding and fitness, watch this video – FULL GUIDE TO VEGAN BODYBUILDING

Author Bio:

Chris Willitts (creator of V3), is the founder and owner of Vegetarian Bodybuilding.

V3 Vegetarian Bodybuilding System is a mixture of science and author’s advice, providing users with optimal diet and exercise. This system is designed for vegans and vegetarians only.

A lot of research has been put in this program. Furthermore, a lot of professional bodybuilders and athletes tried and tested the program, praising its progressiveness and efficiency.

The program is about taking control of your own body and health according to your potential and needs. And worry not; you’ll get plenty of proteins with this system. It will boost you with energy, and you’ll feel just a strong as any carnivore would (perhaps even stronger, depending on how much you invest in your exercise). It avoids vitamins deficiency and provides you with a lot of proteins, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. 

Instead of saying things like “I think a plant-based diet is good for athletes and bodybuilders,” the V3 Vegetarian Bodybuilding System claims “I know a plant-based diet is good for athletes and bodybuilders, and I have results to prove it.”

To find out more, visit the website at V3 Bodybuilding – Vegan Bodybuilding and Fitness