Knowing about blood sugar level range may be the key to a part of diabetes self-management.
This post states ‘regular’ blood sugar level range and blood sugar level range for adults and youngsters with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and blood sugar levels to determine humans with diabetes.
If someone with diabetes has a meter, or taking a look at test strips, it’s crucial to recognize what the blood sugar level means.
Recommended blood sugar level range have a degree of interpretation for every man or woman and also you have to discuss this with your doctor.
Further, women may have a different sugar level ranges in the course of their pregnancy.
The following ranges are tips provided by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE), however every man or woman’s blood sugar level range must be agreed by their doctor.
Recommended goal blood sugar level range
Normal and diabetic blood sugar level range as recommended by NICE
For most healthy people, normal blood sugar level range are as follows:
- between 4.0 to 6.0 mmol/l (72 to 108 mg/dl) whilst fasting
- up to 7.8 mmol/l (140 mg/dl) 2 hours after eating
For people with diabetes, blood sugar level range are as follows:
- before food: 4 to 7 mmol/l for humans with type 1 or kind 2 diabetes
- after food: not more than nine mmol/l for people with type 1 diabetes and under 8.5mmol/l for people with kind 2 diabetes
Blood sugar level range in diagnosing diabetes
For healthy people, the test result should be
When conducted at random: Below 11.1 mmol/l (Below 200 mg/dl)
When conducted during fasting: Below 6.1 mmol/l (Below 108 mg/dl)
When conducted 2 hours after meal: Below 7.8 mmol/l (Below 140 mg/dl)
For people in prediabetes condition, the test result will be:
When conducted during fasting: 6.1 to 6.9 mmol/l (108 to 125 mg/dl)
When conducted 2 hours after meal: 7.8 to 11.0 mmol/l (140 to 199 mg/dl)
For people with diabetes, the test results will be:
When conducted at random: 11.1 mmol/l or more (200 mg/dl or more)
When conducted during fasting: 7 mmol/l or more (126 mg/dl or more)
When conducted 2 hours after meal: 11.1 mmol/l or more (200 mg/dl or more)
Random plasma glucose test
A blood sample for a random plasma glucose check can be taken at any time. This is often used in the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes.
Fasting plasma glucose test
A fasting plasma glucose test is taken after at least 8 hours of fasting and is commonly conducted in the morning.
NICE regards a fasting plasma glucose result of 6.1 to 6.9 mmol/l as placing a person at greater risk of getting type 2 diabetes, in particular when accompanied via other risk factors for kind 2 diabetes.
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
An oral glucose tolerance test entails taking a fasting sample of blood and then taking a sweet drink containing 75g of glucose.
Another blood sample will be taken after 2 hours, after this drink.
Hba1c test for diabetes diagnosis
An hba1c tests does not directly measure the level of blood glucose, however, the end result of the test is influenced by how high or low your blood glucose levels have tended to be over a period of 2 to 3 months.
Indications of diabetes or prediabetes are given under the following situations:
ordinary: under 42 mmol/mol (6.0%)
prediabetes: 42 to 47 mmol/mol (6.0 to 6.4%)
diabetes: 48 mmol/mol (6.5% or over)
Why are healthy blood sugar level range important?
It is vital that you manage your blood glucose level because prolonged period of high sugar level can increase the risk of developing the following diabetes complications:
- kidney disorder
- nerve damage
- retinal disease
- coronary heart disorder
This list of problems may look frightening but the main point here is that you can lower the risk of developing these complications through good blood sugar level control.
Small improvements can make a huge difference as long as you stay dedicated and maintain those improvements over most days.
Watch this Video – What Is a Normal Blood Sugar Level?
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