This post will talk about the differences between Type 1 diabetes and the more common Type 2 diabetes, what causes diabetes, the symptoms of diabetes, why blood sugar matters, what happens if your blood sugar is too high or too low and how to treat the situation of high blood sugar and low blood sugar.
Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal. This is also called hyperglycemia. There are 2 types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is the type of diabetes that is genetic, the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. There are no lifestyle changes you can make to lower your risk of type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it.
But, over time your pancreas isn’t able to keep up and can’t make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose levels normal. Type 2 is treated with lifestyle changes, oral medications (pills), and insulin.
When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, it can cause two problems:
- Right away, your cells may be starved for energy.
- Over time, high blood glucose levels may hurt your eyes, kidneys, nerves or heart.
Some people with type 2 can control their blood glucose with healthy eating and being active. But, your doctor may need to also prescribe oral medications or insulin to help you meet your target blood glucose levels. Type 2 usually gets worse over time – even if you don’t need medications at first, you may need to later on.
How do you develop Type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes usually develops in middle-aged or older people, but there has been a rise in cases among young, overweight people.
Overweight – Obesity accounts for 80-85 per cent of the overall risk of developing the disease
Genes – Scientists have found different bits of DNA that affect how your body makes insulin. Some ethnic groups have a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes than others. Type 2 diabetes is more common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, and South Asians as well as the aged population.
The risk of getting diabetes increases if one of your parent, sister, or brother have diabetes.
During pregnancy, some women suffer from gestational diabetes, which is when women have such high levels of blood glucose that their body is unable to produce enough insulin to absorb it all.
Watch this Video – Understanding Type 2 Diabetes
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
If you are experiencing any of these main symptoms you should visit your GP.
- Feeling very thirsty.
- Urinating more frequently than usual, particularly at night.
- Feeling very tired.
- Weight loss and loss of muscle bulk.
- Itching around the penis or vagina, or frequent episodes of thrush.
- Cuts or wounds that heal slowly.
- Blurred vision.
Why does blood sugar matter?
Insulin is a hormone – it’s often described as a “key”, allowing sugar access to the cells. Without it, your body doesn’t get the energy it needs from the glucose you eat.
It works by storing any excess sugar in your blood in your liver and then releasing the sugar when you need it. The more sugar in your blood, the more insulin your body produces to handle it.
However, diabetes sufferers can’t self-regulate in this way, leaving them at risk of hypoglycaemia (a “hypo”) if their blood sugar levels fall too low, usually because they have taken too much insulin or haven’t eaten enough food. When their blood sugar levels are too high, they can suffer from hyperglycaemia (a “hyper”).
What happens if I have low or high level of blood sugar and how can this be treated?
Overly-low levels of blood sugar can make you feel shaky, moody and tired, sweat, look pale, give you a headache or make you unable to concentrate.
If you have a hypo, you need to eat something sugary as soon as possible – fruit juice, non-diet cola, sweets or glucose tablets. Doctors recommend never missing meals, eating enough carbohydrates – especially if you’re exercising more than normal – and not drinking alcohol on an empty stomach.
Someone with exceptionally high levels of blood sugar might have blurred vision or feel fatigued, as well as have an increased thirst or hunger. They might need their insulin dose adjusted, or to eat often but watching their intake of sugar and carbohydrates, as well as limiting alcohol. Eating lots of fruit, vegetables and whole grains is recommended, as it plenty of exercise to keep levels down.
If diabetes is not well-managed, sufferers are at risk of a whole range of nasty complications, including strokes, heart disease and even amputations.
Can I avoid getting type 2 diabetes?
By Matt Traverso – author of Reverse Diabetes Today. The techniques and methods explained in Reverse Diabetes Today are simple to implement. It does not require you to buy and use any expensive medicines and treatments. You don’t need to worry about needles any more.
You will find the techniques and methods explained in Reverse Diabetes Today highly effective and they will change your life style. In simple words, your whole body will get cleansed from the harmful toxins and acids.
Reverse Diabetes Today carries useful info about the diet, which must be used to cure your pancreas. These methods will significantly affect your pancreas in a positive way and it will start producing insulin again like it used to before you got diabetes.
So if you want to find out more about this, then just visit this link now: